The Numbers Gang-South Africa
The Numbers Gang was started in the late 1800’s, supposedly to protect mineworkers. The origins of the gang remain sketchy at best. Amongst gang members, the likely apocryphal story of Nongoloza and Ngeleketshane is claimed as the gangs origin. The Numbers Gang story holds that a man named Po became alarmed by the exploitation of miners in late 1800’s South Africa. Allegedly Po befriends a young Zulu called Nongoloza who said he was on his way to the mines to look for work and Ngeleketshane, a member of the Pondo tribe. Po eventually recruits 15 young men. He teaches them a secret language and highway robbery. The men succeed in robbing travelers and colonial outposts of their goods. The Numbers Gang (or the Numbers Gangs and associated with different numbers in different prisons) is a prison gang with one of the most fearsome reputations in South Africa. They are known to operate primarily in the Western Cape prison of Pollsmoor, however it is believed that they control most South African prisons.
The 26s’ duty is to accumulate wealth for all the numbers. The 26s have no private line and a wyfie may not join the gang. Although a member of the 26s may take a wyfie for himself, it is strictly against the laws as set out in the book of 26s. The 26s have historically been considered[who?] an inferior gang and have lived in the shadow of the 28s; however in some prisons they have risen up against the 28s and controlled the prisons. The 28s are the blood line of the gang. They are divided into two lines – the gold line and the silver line. The gold line are the warriors, the descendants of Nongoloza. They are for fighting the gang’s battles.The silver line are the female, and are the descendants of Magubane. They are considered to be the sex slaves of the gold line, rather than the crazy stabbers. The emblem of the 28s is the Zulu shield, whose skin is made out of the legendary Rooiland cow’s remains. The 27s were the guardians of gang law and the peace keepers between all the gangs.
Mungiki is a banned ethnic organisation in Kenya. The name means “A united people” or “multitude” in the Kikuyu language. The religion, which apparently originated in the late 1980s, is secretive and bears some similarity to mystery religions. Specifics of their origin and doctrines are unclear. What is clear is that they favour a return to indigenous African traditions. They reject Westernisation and all things that they believe to be trappings of colonialism, including Christianity. The ideology of the group is characterised by revolutionary rhetoric, Kikuyu traditions, and a disdain for Kenyan modernisation, which is seen as immoral corruption. Mungiki is often referred to as Kenya’s Cosa Nostra, Yakuza, or Kenyan Mafia due to its organization. They have been newsworthy for associations with ethnic violence and anti-government resistance.
According to one of Mungiki’s founders, the group began in the late 1980s as a local militia in the highlands to protect Kikuyu farmers in disputes over land with Maasai and with forces loyal to the government, which was dominated by the Kalenjin tribe at the time. Mungiki arguably has its roots in discontent arising from severe unemployment and landlessness arising from Kenya’s rapid population growth, with many disaffected unemployed youth attracted to an organisation giving them a sense of purpose and cultural and political identity, as well as income. The founders supposedly modelled Mungiki on the Mau Mau fighters who fought British colonial rule. During the 1990s, the group had migrated into Nairobi with the acceptance of the government under Daniel arap Moi and began to dominate the matatu (private minibus taxi) industry. With the move to Nairobi came the development of a cell structure within the group. Each cell contains 50 members and each cell is then divided into 5 platoons.
They are a bunch of faceless terror group committing outrageous crimes in Ikorodu. What they do is to visit families living in a building that isn’t fully completed or guarded by a fence. They then use bricks and grinding mortar to hit their victims on the head, wipe their blood with a cloth and leave the scene like that. This issue is now a big thing in Ikorodu that one cannot joke about being a ‘Badoo’. Arararo, Adamo in Ikorodu, had one of these experiences when someone falsely raised an alarm that some four people were Badoo members. The residents pounced on the four guys immediately and they were beaten to death. It later turned out that the four guys were only land speculators.
Badoo members now recruit new members by pasting VACANCIES FOR VARIOUS POSITIONS with LUCRATIVE AND ATTRACTIVE SALARIES for the public. “These vacancies are usually printed on papers and posted at strategic locations in the state, with INSTRUCTION TO CALL THE PHONE NUMBER ON IT. Once you call the number, they will tell you to meet them at a particular location for the interview. Once you get there, you would be forced to be initiated into the cult with instruction to go out and kill. Uncooperative job seeker are usually killed on spot. Please BEWARE OF ANY VACANCIES PASTED ON THE ROAD SIDE OR JOB AGENT.” the warning read.
Mayi-Mayi – DR Congo/ Rwanda
The term Mai-Mai or Mayi-Mayi refers to any kind of community-based militia group active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), formed to defend their local territory against other armed groups. Most were formed to resist the invasion Rwandan forces and Rwanda-affiliated Congolese rebel groups, but some may have formed to exploit the war for their own advantage by looting, cattle rustling or banditry.Groups that fall under the umbrella term “Mai-Mai” include armed forces led by warlords, traditional tribal elders, village heads, and politically motivated resistance fighters. Because Mai Mai have had only the most tenuous internal cohesion, different Mai-Mai groups allied themselves with a variety of domestic and foreign government and guerrilla groups at different times. The term Mai-Mai does not refer to any particular movement, affiliation or political objective but to a broad variety of groups.
Mai-Mai were particularly active in the eastern Congolese provinces bordering Rwanda, North Kivu and South Kivu (the “Kivus”), which were under the control of the Rwanda-allied Banyamulenge-dominated rebel faction, the Rally for Congolese Democracy–Goma (RCD-Goma). While militias have long been common in the Kivus, particularly among the minority Batembo and Babembe ethnic groups, the recent wars and conflicts caused large numbers of town dwellers to form Mai-Mai. Although the Mai-Mai, either as a group or as individual groups, were not party to the 1999 Lusaka Accord meant to end the war, they remained one of the most powerful forces in the conflict and the lack of cooperation from some groups has been problematic for the peace process.